India is one of the fastest-growing
populations in the world with over 1.3-billion people. As a result, one of its biggest challenges
is food security, ensuring that everyone in the country
has access to nutritious food. And natural gas
could play a crucial role in this. In 2015 there was
a severe scarcity of fertiliser in Haryana in the north of India. This shortage of urea fertiliser
caused panic amongst farmers. A country needs food security. A country would like to produce fertiliser within the country domestically,
as much as it can. It’s the government’s stated objective
to be self-sufficient in urea production. To make it cost-effective,
natural gas is absolutely essential, which is why we need
natural gas infrastructure to expand across the country. The western state of Gujarat
is one of the first to establish a natural gas infrastructure,
and the benefits have been significant. Being the cleanest-burning hydrocarbon, gas is used not only
to power fertiliser plants, but, more importantly,
it is vital in the production of urea. You’ll be happy to know that fertiliser production has gone up by 30 lakh tonnes in one year. The availability of gas
has had a massive change in the fertiliser production scenario
in the country. It links very closely
with the prime minister’s ambition, or dream of actually making
the villages clean, self-sufficient, and flourishing in every way. To keep this momentum going,
the government of India wants to ensure a stable supply
of fertiliser to its farmers. And so guarantees
food security for its people.