Oh Hey guys, squeaks and I are checking out our plant and they look great! It’s almost hard to believe that these beautiful flowers and plants came from the teeny tiny seeds we put in the pots just a few weeks ago.
you might be familiar with a little pack of the seeds that you used to grow flowers or vegetables in your garden, or maybe the sunflower seeds that you find in your snack mix? But did you know that popcorn kernels, beans, pease, acorns, and rice are also seeds? Well, one of our friends five year old Dmitri, Wrote in to ask us How does the sea grow into a plant? Thanks for asking Dmitri first of all, seeds come in lots of different shapes and sizes but they’re all made of three parts.
An outer shell, called the seed coat, a tiny baby plant that’s inside the seed called the Embryo and some plant food for the Embryo called Endosperm.
The seed coat has an important job, it covers the entire Seed, protecting the little baby plant inside and keeping it from drying out.
The seed coat also has super sensing powers, It has special chemicals in it that can tell when the seed is in the right place to start growing For example, the sunflower seeds and the pumpkin seeds in your trail mix, since that It’s not safe to grow.
After all these can’t grow and they’re surrounded by raisins and chocolate chips. So, while the seeds are in a bag or in your hands? It’s like, they’re asleep the seeds are still alive, but they’re dormant or inactive.
Some seeds can stay like this for hundreds or even thousands of Years. Great question squeaks!
To get started, every seed needs water, the right temperature, and the right amount of light. once the seed has these three things like, one is planted in some nice wet soil the Embryo or baby plant gets the signal to start growing. For plants, this growing process is called Germination.
First, the seed coat let’s some water through to the Embryo but the Embryo needs more than just water if it’s going to grow. good thing, There’s a whole bunch of plant food right there inside the seed until the plant can make its own food from sunlight Which it will need leaves to do, it relies on the endosperm for energy It’s like the little baby plant has its own Backpack of snacks, so the Embryo keeps growing and taking in more water until the seed coat cracks off and Embryo kicks out a kind of a foot, but not at all like my foot.
The first part of the plant to come out of the Seed is the root.
The root always grows downward No matter what way the seed is planted.
So you can actually tell which way is up and which way is down So the root pushes down Deeper deeper into the soil looking for more water and minerals to feed the baby plant once the plant is all grown up Those deep roots will have another job, they’ll help keep the plant from falling over or blowing away in the wind, but soon after the first baby root finds its way into the dirt another part of the seed pops out this time in the opposite Direction a Chute which has the stem of the plant.
and if you leaves pushes its way up towards the sunlight Once the chute breaks through the soil to the open air above We say that it’s sprouted, now the plant doesn’t need the endosperm anymore because it can make its own food from sunlight with enough water and sunlight and the right temperature, the young plant will continue to grow getting bigger and growing more leaves until It to the don’t plant and it can produce seeds of its own! next time you’re about to chow down on a handful of sunflower seeds, just think it’s like you’ve got a whole field of flowers Right in your hand! thanks to our friend, Dmitri for asking this great question. and if any of you have a question for any of us here at the fort, let us know by leaving a comment or emailing us at kids at the scishow Com.
See you next time guys