– [John White] Welcome back to
Southwest Yard and Garden. I’m John White. Today we’re in the turfgrass
plots of New Mexico State University at the Fabian Garcia Farm here in Las Cruces. And with
me is Dr. Bernd Leinauer, Extension Turfgrass Specialist. And Bernd, tell us a little bit about the plots here. What’s the purpose of them and how’s it gonna help New Mexico? – [Bernd Leinauer] Thank you, John. It’s my
pleasure being with you again. Here we are out at the
Fabian Garcia Hort Farm. We are standing on the
Bermudagrass trials, the Bermudagrass plots which is part of the National Turfgrass
Evaluation Program, the so-called NTEP studies. These are Bermudagrass
plots that are replicated all over the nation at locations where Bermudagrass usually grows and right here as a matter of fact, we’re standing on a
plot which was the first seeded variety of
Bermudagrass that was released in 1990 and it’s called NuMex Sahara and came out of the breeding program of New Mexico State University. – Okay, so this is a seeded Bermuda? – This is a seeded Bermuda in comparison to some of the hybrid Bermudagrasses where you can’t go and buy seed, they have to be spread vegetatively, so you either put out bricks
or you buy it in sods. – Okay, what are some of
the qualities of this? – [Bernd] The quality of
the seeded varieties first and foremost is the price. It’s much cheaper to establish. It’s probably a little
bit easier to establish. You have a seedbed preparation
and you just go out and spread the seed and
it’ll come in eventually if the circumstances are right. – Okay, how does this
differ from common Bermuda, which is a seeded? – This differs from common Bermudagrass in the way that it’s already denser. We have not so much of
an open grass surface and it’s a little bit spongier to walk on and its drought tolerance is good, its disease resistance is good, and it’s a little bit darker in color, it’s just overall it’s better
in regard of turf quality. – Okay, let’s take a
look at another variety you have over here. – Okay. – Bernd, I understand
this is a new release by New Mexico State. – This cultivar here
is called Princess 77. Seed is available now. It’s actually not coming out directly from New Mexico State University. I think there was a little bit involved, New Mexico State was
involved in the breeding of this cultivar. It is, compared to the
first one that we just saw, the Sahara, it’s finer in texture, it’s a little bit darker in color, has a higher turf quality. It also ranks well
regarding drought tolerance so it is drought tolerant
when water is an issue in your turf irrigation and overall this Princess, the seeded
cultivar ranked second of all the cultivars that
we have and test out here in the hort farm averaged
over the entire year. – Well this is very dense
and good dark green color. – Absolutely and this is what
most of the homeowners want for their turfgrass, a
dark green color, dense, a little bit spongy, so you can play on, have your kids stroll around, and I would say an ideal turfgrass. – Okay, well lets go take a
look at some of the hybrids. Bernd, these are the hybrid plots now? These are the true vegetative hybrids? – This is correct, John. Here we are on Tifgreen, which
is a variety of Bermudagrass. 40 years old, comes out of
Georgia and used worldwide. Golf courses, athletic fields,
home lawns, you name it. This Tifgreen here
ranked highest last year in turf quality amongst all
the Bermudagrass varieties that we have out here
and that’s 32 in numbers, 32 different Bermudagrass
varieties out here and Tifgreen ranked best and
Princess 77 ranked second best. – Well Bernd, as far as the plots here, they’re all maintained the same, get the same fertilizer
treatments, same watering? – That is correct. Right now we water every third day and we give one pound
of nitrogen per month per thousand square feet. – Okay. Well Bernd, thank you very
much for giving us the tour of the turf grass plots
here, the Bermudagrass plots. – Thank you John it was my
pleasure being with you today. (light music)