Hello friends! Namaskar! I’m your host Brahmdeo. Friends, in today’s fast living world, we want everything as quickly and as much as possible. In modern agriculture, chemical fertilizers and pesticides are being used indiscriminately. To achieve a fast and high rate of production, fearless use of these chemicals have made us fall into a vicious cycle of complex diseases. There is a way to reduce the effects of chemicals, to use organically grown fruits, vegetables and cereals. However that’s not so easy. Organically grown edibles in the market are very expensive and they cannot be guaranteed to be 100 percent organic. Friends, in urban life, we can’t grow cereals, but in our houses, in empty spaces like balcony or terrace, we can certainly create a kitchen garden. there we can grow several types of flowers, fruits and vegetables in pot or containers. It has many advantages. Presence of greeneries in the surrounding of houses not only help minimize pollution but fulfils the need of fruits and vegetables for our kitchen too. By using organic manure or fertilizers in our kitchen garden, to up to some extent, we can reduce the harmful effects of chemicals. The organic manures or fertilizers available to the market are very expensive. Unavailability of harmful matters in the production of these fertilizers cannot be guaranteed too. Then what is the alternative? Is there a way, so that at little expense or without any expense we can have a continuous supply of organic manures or fertilizers? So friends, the answer to this is, Yes. We have in our home, everyday, a lot of kitchen waste consisting of fruit peels, vegetable peels, half ripen or over ripen damaged fruits, used tea leaves, residue of cooked food, etc.; so many things, that contains in abundance, the minerals and essential nutrients. By the process of decomposition, we can convert these waste, to a high quality of organic manure or fertilizers. But what do we do? These precious kitchen waste are either thrown away in open or dumped in waste storage box of Munispality. But wise people use these waste for the benefit of the self as well as for the family members. I too, belong to those and want you also to be one of them by heart. In fact, most of us are aware that kitchen waste can be utilized to make organic fertilizers, but, due to the lack of will power, or not having the proper knowledge related to this, they just miss this invaluable opportunity. But not anymore! In today’s video, I’m going to tell you a simple and easy way in which, by using kitchen waste from our house, we can get in all the 12 months, i.e., relentlessly the best liquid fertilizer. This will not only eliminate expensive and unhygenic chemical fertilizers but also help get rid of the waste that spread mess and pollution in an eco friendly way. So friends, the whole mechanism is in front of you. A system in which we drop kitchen waste from the top, in the middle, thesse waste are processed. There is something inside it, which continuously decomposes the kitchen waste. The final product that we get from the lower part of this mechanism is this liquid organic fertilizer which contains all the necessary nutrients in abundance that are essential to our plants. The lower part of this waste decomposer system has empty space of about 5 liters capacity. That means, in the lower part we can store liquid fertilizers up to 5 liters which we can take out through this outlet whenever we want and either use it or store it. This liquid fertilizers never expires. Rather, as it becomes more older it becomes more and more effective and better. Initially, its color is light brown and has a strong smell, but after storage, as it becomes more older, its color gets more darker and finally when converts to black color, its strong smell is almost vanished. You can see, this 5 liters container has 6 months old liquid fertilizer, the color of which has converted to almost black. The reason for this is that it has decomposed almost completely, so that the strong smell coming out initially has also reduced. Friends, I use this amazing liquid fertilizer for my plants on a regular basis. Till now, in any of my videos, I never mentioned about this. But today I want to tell you all, that the secret of the greeneries of my garden and the healthy plants of it is actually the regular use of this amazing liquid fertilizer. I’ll describe how you can use this liquid fertilizer in later sections. First of all, let us see how you can make a similar waste decomposer system. Friends, this is a one time investment. That also of only 400 to 500 rupees only. After that what you get for several years is priceless. For this you have to take this type of two cyllindrically shaped buckets, one of 15 liter capacity and the second of 25 liter capacity. The decomposer that we are making will have the 15 liter bucket at the bottom and the 25 liter bucket kept over it. By keeping this way, we get two isolated space. Upper part will have an empty space of 25 liter capacity in which the kitchen waste will be put and the lower part will have an empty space of about 5 liters in which the liquid fertiliser will store. Next, we will create some holes at the bottom part or the base of the bucket of 25 liter capacity. Size of these holes should lie between 10 and 15 mm. For this, I’m using a drill machine. If you don’t have a drill machine, then to make holes you can use a soldering iron or even a hot iron rod. So, after making several holes at the base of the 25 liter bucket, to the upper part of it, 1.5 to 2 inches below from the top, around the sode wall, we have to make holes at small gaps, like this. These upper holes in the waste chamber assures sufficient availability of oxygen. So, these were the two works to be done in 25 litere bucket; making several holes at the bottom to convert into a mesh and making holes all around to the upper part of side wall. Now, in the bucket of 15 liter capacity, only one work has to be done, that is to create an outlet to its bottom part. For this, at the bottom most part of the side wall, a hole has to be made so that a piller cock can fitted there. The diameter of the hole may be of 15 mm or 18 mm. This depends on what the size of the piller cock is. I’m using a piller cock that is used in our home. For this, a hole of diameter 18 mm should be made. The hole is ready. Now we have to fit the piller cock. To fit it perfectly, over its screws, we put several layers of teflon tapes. This stops any kind of leakage and doesn’t get damaged early. To tighten the cock from inside, we have taken an extension nepul. By screwing it over the cock, from inside the bucket, we fix it well. The piller cock being used should not be made of metal but of plastic, because that doesn’t get rusted due to the effect of liquid. Now all the works are almost completed. Only a little work is left. You have to take an old nylon mosquito net cut in round shape. The diameter of this net should be equal to the diameter of the lower part of the bucket of 25 liters. It has to be put on the lower part of the bucket, above the holes, so that it works as a filter. This will prevent the small parts of the kitchen waste to fall down with liquid. So friends, our kitchen waste decomposer is ready. We have to keep it at such a place so that no direct sunlight falls on it. One to two hours of morning sunlight will not create any problem. In addition to this, to cover the upper parts, a lid is essential so that rain water doesn’t enter inside. By covering it, the waste inside will be out of reach of the birds and other unwanted creatures. So, in this way our waste decomposer system is ready to be used. Now, everyday, kitchen waste has to be dropped in it. While dropping the kitchen waste, keep in mind that oil, butter, milk, or any product made out of these should be avoided. Beside this, avoid dropping flesh or bones of animals. The reason being that these materials, during decomposition produce foul smell which may be untolerable. Some more things like wood chips, peanut peels, coconut coir etc. should not be dropped into the waste decomposer, because they are hard and in comparison to soft materials, take much longer to decompose. Friends,kitchen waste is like a readymade food for the bacteria and worms. Just after adding it into the composting chamber, bacterial decomposition starts. Bacteria cannot be seen with naked eyes, but there is one creature which is produced in the kitchen waste within two days. Those are fly larva or Maggots which are formed due to laying eggs by several types of flies. I would like to show you. They rush to the food as soon as they born and gain its full size very fast which is normally 2.5 to 3 cm. Have alook,so many smaller and bigger Magoots can be seen. They keep on feeding as long as they get food. There life cycle varies from 3 days to 2 months which depends on the temperature of the environment. At the end of there larva stage, they try to escape and hide at some colder places where they are converted to pupa and finally back into flies. But if they get trapped inside, they dies inside and get decomposed. Friends,due to the double decomposition of bacteria and Maggots, the chamber of the waste decomposer never fills completely. Everyday, when I come here to drop the kitchen waste it is found empty from the top. After decomposition,the prepared liquid fertilizer, after being filtered, stores at the bottom most chamber, from where I collect it every week. This decomposer takes a very long time to saturate. this may be of one year or even more. This depends on the quantity of the kitchen waste that is dropped in it. The saturation point is achieved when the decomposed solid waste fill the chamber completely. At that point, no more kitchen waste can be added into it. Then it should be left idle for 3 to 6 months so that the left over solid residue gets fully decomposed. During this period, the bucket of the upper part of the decomposer systemcan be replaced with a duplicate bucket of same capacity. So that the process of decomposition keep on going. In this way, in addition to a continuous production of liquid fertilizer in a particular time interval the left over solid kitchen waste, after getting fully decomposed, gives out solid compost which after being dried can be used as fertilizer by adding to the soil. Friends, at last let me tell you that how the liquid fertilizer prepared in this way can be used. So the freshly prepared liquid fertilizer should be diluted at a rate of 25 to 50 ml per liter of water and used weekly by spraying over the plants and also add to the potting mix. If the liquid is older than six months or more, we can use that in larger amount. The dilution should be prepared by adding 50 to 100 ml per liter of water and spray weekly over the plants or add to the potting mix.