Alright, this is John Kohler from growingyourgreens.com,
today with another exciting episode for ya you, coming at you from my backyard garden here. Amazing spring day now and spring the time
to be proactive in your garden and also in your life, right? It’s such a nice time of year, the suns
out and shining, you know, things are blooming, flowers are blooming, here’s some tree collards
here, we are gonna have lots of seeds here this year. So many things are happening, but I want to
encourage you guys to be proactive in your guys lives and in your garden. So, there’s two main ways you can live your
life, you could live your life proactively or you could live your life reactively. Have you ever met one of your friends, that’s
like a chicken with their head cut off, they’re always running around, ‘I gotta do this, I
gotta do this, I gotta do this’ right? A lot times they’re doing thing’s, reactively
right? Like the lady next unfortunately, the lady
next door, I was gardening last night, watering my plants and actually the ambulance came
to the next-door house and they actually took the lady away in a stretcher and its highly
confident, and it might be something like a heart disease, diabetes, some of the major
diseases that are happening in America today, that happened to her, which is not surprising. I mean, 66% of Americans are overweight or
obese and some of the top killers can be prevented by simply eating different foods. So, you could be reactive, in the case of
the ambulance coming that’s completely reactive, right? She got sick they called the ambulance and
she got taken away, and the problem is she got sick in the first place. How could you avoid being sick in the first
place, right? Well hey if you eat healthy, if you eat fruits
and vegetables as the dominant part of your diet and other healthy plant foods, you’re
gonna have less incidences of these diseases. So that’s being proactive, you’re taking
care of things now by eating healthy so that you don’t get sick in the future, versus
reactive and the ambulance coming, being taken away, taken to hospital or even worse not
making it out of a hospital or not even having an ambulance come and having the coroner come
instead, because you have a heart attack, right? And the first sign of heart disease in many
instances is a heart attack, and you don’t get a second chance unfortunately. That being said, I’m not talking about health
today, what I am talking about is being proactive in your garden. Much like your health you could be proactive
or reactive with, you could be proactive or reactive in your garden, right? What do I mean? John, I got an outbreak of aphids or something
man and as soon as you see the outbreak you’re sitting there with like toxic pesticide, chemicals
sprays and hopefully you’re suiting up if you’re using all the toxins. And you’re spraying your crop to kill aphids,
right, that’s totally reactive. You saw the aphids, you kill them with the
chemicals. Now I don’t encourage to use any chemicals,
they’re really bad news for yourself, for your health personally, for your children’s
health, for the animal’s health, your pets, your livestock. Also for the other creatures that are inhabiting
the planet with us. You know, for the bacteria, the microbes its
really bad, they’re not used to these chemicals and they can do all kinds of damage in imbalanced
systems. So, you’re thinking ‘John, well you had
this great video a while back, that actually had Josh from the Boogie Brew company. He mixed up this Neem oil and Dr. Broners
Soap and you could spray your aphids and other bugs with that’. Absolutely, so once again that’s being reactive,
mostly right? You spray Nemo oil on the Dr. Broner on the
bugs, the aphids, the pests you’re gonna kill them. But once again I want you guys to take a step
back. Hey, how can we prevent these aphids or some
of these bugs or pests in our gardens in the first place. And so that is the question that we will be
covering in this episode today, is how to be proactive against some certain common garden
pests. So anyway, let’s go ahead to another side
of my garden, sit down and talk to you guys about some soil. So now we are sitting in another part of my
garden, my other side of the garden that actually has the raised beds made out of concrete blocks. Doing quite well here, that bed behind me
has things like Swiss Char, Dinosaur Kale, tree collards, all growing well this time of
year. This bed in front, you guys can see it’s
kind of empty actually. Just pulled, the day or the day before, there
was lettuce growing in here, got two more of the lettuce. It was the end of the season for the lettuce,
got pulled out and now I’m ready to plant peppers in here. But this is the perfect time to, take some
proactive measures before we plant out our peppers. Basically, to inoculate, or spread some healthy
biology in there. Now, for those of you guys that are aware,
my channel is actually called growingyourgreens and I like to say its organic, biologic gardening,
which is different to simply just organic gardening right? I really want to have that word biologic in
there. Biology is how things work, that’s how we
are able to be alive. And I want you guys to take this into consideration
when growing your garden or if you’ve got a garm or whatever right. I think when you look at the word organic,
I mean like organic means from the earth. I’ve gotten into arguments with people that
sell hydroponic nutrients and say, ‘Oh ours is organic’. You could go down to the big buck store and
buy organic compost and it could say organic on there but contain biosolids, because biosolids
are from an organic source. So, I think focusing on the word organic can
really get you side-tracked and it’s not really what I desire, or hopefully what most
people would desire, it’s a better way, but it’s not THE way. But in my opinion, the way is doing organic
biologic gardening. We take biology or other creatures into consideration
because they can be good for us, you know, like as in beneficial. You know, probiotics, beneficial bacteria,
beneficial bugs and they’re made out to be bad, of course there are bad bugs and bad
pests and all this kind of stuff, but we need to factor it that equation to us and make
it favour us. So here if I pick up this soil here, you know,
nice soil here in my garden. In this soil, I’m holding lots of thousands
of creatures in my very hand, there’s bacteria and different nematodes and all kinds of different
things living in that soil. they say there’s more creatures living in
the soil than there are people on earth. in just one handful or something like that
which is insane. But depending on where you live, your particular
climate, your conditions you know, you may have more or less of these creatures in your
garden. All these beneficial creatures, today I’m
specifically gonna be speaking beneficial nematodes. These are creatures that live in the soil,
they’re like microscopic round worms right. And it’s their job to basically keep nature
in balance. There’s all kinds of different thing and
when nature gets imbalanced, then that’s when the systems get disrupted that’s when
things don’t work so well, and so my goal as a gardener is to try to help nurture and
get nature back into balance as much as I’m able. So, with the different nematodes, there’s
different kinds of nematodes, they have different diets much like some of you guys. Some of you guys that watch me are vegan,
some of you guys might be raw vegan, there’s some of you guys that might be into paleo,
and eat a lot of meat, there’s some that might omnivores, I mean maybe some of you
guys are into fungus, and you only eat mushrooms. Whatever you guys are into its all cool, in
the privacy of your own homes. But here’s the thing with nematodes there’s
different kinds of nematodes. Some nematodes only like to eat bacteria. Some nematodes they like to eat only fungus
right. Some nematodes are omnivores, they like to
eat a little bit of everything. Some nematodes could be into plants ant those
are the bad nematodes, generally, that could give you root rot and all this stuff. Some nematodes could be predators, much like
a guy down the street that’s a child predator right. Well we want to eradicate these predators
from our society. But we want to encourage these predators actually
in our gardens. So, what are we doing todays actually? I’ll be introducing some predatory nematodes
into my garden to take care of some of my pest pressures, both present but more importantly,
also in the future so that I don’t get them. So now I’m in another area of my garden
and this is my brassica bed, I grew all brassica in here. They are one of the top foods to fight cancer
that you guys can include in your lives. I had things like broccoli and cauliflower
and kale and Brussel sprouts and colour dreams. all kinds of things growing, and actually
I do want to say that probably the best, I mean I got some early varieties of broccoli
that bolted pretty fast and I’m letting some to flower for the bees and whatnot. But basically, the ones that I liked the best
of this whole bed, I’d probably have to say cauliflower. The cauliflower are actually these guys right
here, I don’t know if you guys can see this right here, if I move it away but I got some
nice purple cauliflower here, nice and beautiful maybe eat that tonight for dinner and dip
it in some guacamole. But I really like the cauliflower because
it actually produced these nice long leaves here that I’ve been juicing including in
smoothies and dehydrating into cauliflower chips. I batter them up with some delicious sauce. But they have been growing the best actually
and I love the cauliflower leaves to eat. I know a lot of people just eat the cauliflower
but the leaves can be eaten just like any kind of kale. Nonetheless I am having some challenges in
this bed and that’s one of the reasons for this episode today, so if we just kinda go
down over here in this area here, let’s just go and pick a leaf here, to show you
guys what’s going on. As much as a lot of my garden looks good,
I have some issues too and like most people. And here’s one of my leaves, look at that
man. That’s like a Swiss cheese hole leaf here,
just sections are getting eaten out. From based on my past experience, we’ve
got some kind of caterpillar thing that’s actually eating my leaves. Pretty much a lot of my leaves are in pretty
good shape, some of them have small holes, but some of them near the bottom in the canopy
actually have lots of holes, like the one I showed you. And so, what I wanna do is I wanna introduce
something that’s going to care of some caterpillars and also other pests in my gardener. So, there are some beneficial nematodes that
can be effective against caterpillars, things like fruit flies, things like the fungus Gnats,
you know the dreaded fungus gnats, I don’t have those too much in my garden outside,
if I’m growing inside and you’re over watering then you can get lots of fungus gnats. Using some beneficial nematodes in that situation
would be totally perfect. So, the beneficial nematodes can also be effective
against cucumber beetle. I know it’s a challenge many you guys may
have, maybe you’re living in the south, especially. Also against a challenge I’ve had in the
past on some of beets and spinach, chars, the leafminers, those guys are nasty, they
get inside the leaf, they burrow out the leaf. The beneficial nematodes may be helpful against
them and of course another thing they can be beneficial against our cutworms as well
as different grubs. Like I’ve dug up my beds before and I’ve
had these little white grubs in my beds, things like cockroaches, the beneficial nematodes
can also be helpful with. Yeah, there’s so many different things that
the beneficial nematodes can be helpful with. Let’s see what are some other, oh thrips. That’s another issue that I’m having,
especially in the spring time, if I don’t get my thrips situation under control, and
I could sit out there and spray every day. But I don’t wanna have to do that, I wanna
introduce some predatory nematodes that are gonna be literally my henchman. They’re gonna work for free, I don’t have
to pay them and they’re going to keep all my, a lot of my pest’s pressure at bay. And I think as an organic gardener, or a biological
organic gardener or farmer, it’s our gaol to manage nature as best as we can in as natural
way as possible to introduce the predator insects that are gonna kick ass and work for
you, so you can sit more on the couch and watch TV and do less work. Or do other things in your life, and other
things in your garden that you love. So, let’s go ahead and sit down and show
you guys the beneficial nematodes and how I’m gonna spread those out in my garden
to do my dirty work. Alright, so you probably wondering ‘John,
why are you in your house man, why are you at your fridge’ or one of my fridges. Well the reason that I’m at my fridge is
because I’m gonna be getting out beneficial nematodes at the back of the fridge, actually
it’s in the front of the fridge its right here, but it just came in a box just yesterday
or the day before and as you guys can see on here it says refrigerate upon arrival so
I did just that like much like some kind of like living probiotic culture that’s heat
sensitive so are these nematode’s until they’re introduced into their native environments
for the place of that they actually wanna live so yeah I kept these guys cold to preserve
then and also ordered them from a very special company and it’s really important if you are
gonna get beneficial nematodes I only encourage you guys to get them from the place that manufactures
them are that grows them themselves because you’re cutting out places in the supply chain
that the nematodes may not be under the best care or situation or the right temperature
so you may lose them, so you may be buying a box of nothing. So anyway, lets go ahead and head out to the
garden talk to you more about the nematodes I got from biologic and why I chose this company. So now I wanna show you guys more about my
nematodes and what came in this little box here that I that I bought off biologic company
there in Willow Hill Pennsylvania. Since 1985, biologic actually has been growing
this nematodes before organic was even popular, so I really like to support some of these
old school companies that are doing good work to help us organic, biologic gardeners grow
better. We are gonna go ahead and open this up here,
it’s actually taped quite well, they do only ship a few times a week and they ship
priority mail so you guys are gonna get your shipment really fast, that’s another thing
right. I wanna encourage you guys, if you guys do
order some beneficial nematodes like make sure they don’t get delivered UPS, groundsman
like they need to be coming AIR where that’s priority or some other way. So over in this it actually says important
‘your nematodes are at the bottom of this box under 5 cold packs. What’s in your box.1 24-ounce cold pack. 2 10 scan mask SF. So, let’s check out this box, see what’s
in here. You guys, nice packaging here and we are gonna
go ahead and I’m gonna reuse this stuff. Wow, here’s a nice cold pack, still kinda
cold that has been in my fridge. Take a look here, this is all compostable
and this actually it’s a custom cold pack – it says biologic producing beneficial nematodes
since 1985. Non-toxic biodegradable, reusable leak-proof. So, I’m gonna reuse this to keep my food
cold and I’m gonna put that in my freezer. But anyway, at the bottom of this box, what
I paid for, it doesn’t look like much right now. Its these two little packets here, of beneficial
nematodes and this is actually the scan mask nematode, that’s their product. These are non-GMO, actively hunts pests. Does not harm beneficial wide variety of pests
controlled. And this is actually, and I’m not a Latin
major here, but it steinerrenomemer, let me start that over. Steinernemapheltia, I don’t know, that’s
a certain kind of beneficial nematode that’s gonna hunt down like all some of the predators
I talked about a little bit earlier. And these were actually growing in the USA,
so I like that. Use by May17th 2017, so these guys are fresh
and actually has a lot number on the back. It actually has a little peel off area for
instructions. And I’ll read those anyways on my time. But ill share with you guys how I’m actually
gonna distribute these beneficiary nematodes, but basically the one I got the 10 million,
that’s a scan mass 10. It covers 400 square feet of area. So, you know, I have probably about, more
than that so I got two packs. I’m gonna use 1 pack on 1 side, 1 pack on
the other side of my garden, I should be able to cover it. And you know, I know that there’s some claims
on some online websites, that are like ‘oh yeah 10 million that covers like 200 or 2000
square feet or 1000 square feet’ and especially in the case of the beneficiary nematodes its
always better to have a higher density of the nematodes that you are spreading because
then they can be effective to doing their work. If you just like use 1 pack for your whole
garden and you have a big garden right, you’re gonna be spreading the nematodes too thin
and because they are not thick enough and there not in big enough populations the not
going to be able to do their work at the rate you want! All us gardeners, we expect an immediate result. ‘John, I sprayed the nematodes and the next
day I still had cabbage worms’ Well that’s not how the nematodes work, the nematodes
are more of a long-range solution. Instead of trying to get the field goal and
jump over into the end zone it’s like kicking a field goal from 50 yards. Long range. So, what I want you guys to think about it
not just how this is going to affect your garden tomorrow or the next day or the next
week but the beneficial nematodes can live in your garden for a year and a half, 18 months. And so, they are gonna be doing work for you
all this time along. So now, I wanna show you guys actually how
to spread out these nematodes all throughout your garden. 1st step is wait till the evening. I’m probably waiting about I don’t know
maybe 45 minutes maybe an hour before the sun set so a time when it’s cool in the
day and there’s no direct sunlight hitting you. The first step is you’re going to go ahead
and take your box which should have been refrigerated, if you didn’t use it immediately, like the
night you got it. I wouldn’t want to store your live nematodes
more than like a week. these are so nice and cold right here. There’s one little pack right there. And what we are gonna do is we are gonna go
ahead and basically make a concentrate. So, you gotta get like a measuring cup, I
got about 8 ounces of water. Purified water, very important. Came out of my versauce mosssis system. We are gonna get take 8 ounces of clean water
and then we are gonna go ahead and open up this packet of nematodes, it’s like a little
zip lock thing. Let me show you guys what it looks like in
there. It looks like it’s all crusty. I don’t know if all you guys can see that. Let me see if I can rip this open. Alright, yeah well it looks like that, it
basically looks like some kind of dough that’s like still doughy and not like super powdery
or anything. So basically, what I’m gonna do, is we’re
gonna go ahead and take this, a clean utensil and we are just gonna dunk that in the water. Gonna try and scrape as much of this off as
I can. And we are gonna go ahead and get this in
the water. Alright, once we got all of that out, and
yeah, I definitely reckon destroying the packaging because getting all of this stuff out otherwise
would have been a problem. And once you have it all in the water then
we are just going to go ahead and mix it up really really good. Make sure there’s no longer and clogs or
whatever like that. and just to make sure that its fully dissolved,
you wanna maybe let this sit 15 20 minutes. So were gonna let that set 15 20 minutes. But I’m not going to have idle time because
the next step we need to do, is we actually need to ahead and hose down the entire garden
because when you lay out your nematodes, you want to give them a nice home to live in. They don’t like super dry soil, they want
it a little bit moist. We don’t like going out in the middle of
the desert without any water, right? So, we want to water down the garden first,
it’ll probably take me about 15 20 minutes to hit my whole garden, and then we are gonna
come back at you with the next step. Alright so now I’m just hosing down my garden. You don’t have to get it super drenched,
but you do gotta get it super moist. And we are just gonna go ahead and go over
my whole garden both sides, to get my soil ready for the nematodes. So, after you got garden all watered down,
the next step is you’re gonna take the concentrate here and then you’re gonna need a sprayer. So, I like to use the hose n sprayer to apply
my nematodes. You could use like just a watering can if
you don’t have a hose n sprayer, or even a pump sprayer. I like to use the hose n sprayer because it
kind of dilutes it as you go, and you get a little better coverage. And so, this the chameleon and this is the
best one I’ve found so far and we are just gonna go ahead and unscrew that, and you wanna
make sure, number 1 inside your container is clean. So, we are gonna go ahead and spray that out
right quick. Alright looks good, next step is make sure
these are fully mixed, everything is fully dissolved and you’re gonna take about half
of the concentrate which is 4 ounces and you’re gonna go ahead and pour it in to the container
here. Little bit more. Alright. Once you got that 4 ounces in there then you’re
gonna go ahead and add more water to bring it up to 32 ounces. So, we are gonna go ahead and add water to
the concentrated mixture. alright, got about 32 ounces right there. Then we are gonna go ahead and screw on the
top. Tighten it down. and a few things, number
1 I wanna have you guys set your chameleon sprayer, there’s three different settings,
I like to have the little rain shower holes, we are gonna go ahead and then hook up our
hose to the back of this guy. Make sure we have a nice tight connection,
so we don’t get leaks everywhere. Alright we are pressurised. Final step is you need to set this guy right
here, there’s a little dial on the chameleon, you can set that for a lot of different rates. And actually, I like this for feeding things
like kelp and other things. You know, ocean solids what not. Anyways for the nematode application we are
gonna set it to 4 ounces. And once you have it all set up, make sure
this is all tight. We are just gonna go ahead and start spraying
everything down. And you’re gonna basically gonna run it
and water everything. Once again, you’re just watering it, going
over, trying to hit every square inch of your garden here. You dot need to soak it one area, you wanna
spread these guys and get an evenly distributed, that’s probably the most important thing. And as soon as the 32 ounces here empties
out, then you gotta use your other half. And hopefully after you use the 32 ounces
here you’ve hit half your garden, because then you got about half left. Depending on who you order the nematodes from,
you know they could range on how much each little packet could treat and there is discrepancies,
some places say you could treat like 400 square feet, some people say 1000 is the size their
packet. Is the size of the packet larger or are they
just laying them out a little bit thinner, right? Always want to encourage you guys to lay them
out little bit thicker, than thinner alright just to make sure you get good coverage because
without proper coverage the product is not gonna simply work. Anyways, I gotta go ahead and spray this down. I don’t know if I’m going to have time
to go over anything else, after I’m done. So, if you guys enjoyed this episode with
the beneficial nematodes, hey please be sure to give me a thumbs up. Also, be sure to click the link down below
to where I actually got my beneficial nematode, if you wanna get some also. Also, be sure to click that subscribe button
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thank you guys so much. Anyways hope you guys enjoy this episode,
once again my name is John kohler with growingyourgreens.com well see you next time. Until then remember keep on growing.