Are you a pesticide registrar? Then this video is for you. In this video we will explain the structure
of the FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit, which is a decision support system for pesticide
registration staff in developing countries. This Toolkit was developed by FAO to assist
in the evaluation and registration of pesticides. But first a little background. In most developing countries, the pesticide
registration authority consists of only 1 or 2 staff. But as a registrar you are still expected
to manage all applications for registration, evaluate the pesticides, and take decisions
that ensure that the pesticide is efficacious .. and does not pose an unacceptable risk to
human health and the environment. A pretty daunting task in itself. Let’s put that in perspective. The UK Chemicals Regulatory Department has about 250 staff working on pesticide and chemicals regulation. The US-EPA Office of Pesticide Programmes
employs about 700 staff. At ICAMA, the Chinese Institute
for the Control of Agrochemicals, about 80 persons work on pesticide registration. And even in a small country like The Netherlands,
its Board for the registration of pesticides .. has a secretariat of about 120 staff. In many countries with fewer resources, pesticide registrars tend to be .. strapped for staff, finances and specific expertise. Full evaluations of a pesticide are simply not feasible. It is therefore very important to make optimal
use of work that has been done by other institutions.. and not to waste limited resources
or to reinvent the wheel. The FAO pesticide registration toolkit was
developed .. to support pesticide registration staff with their work. It makes relevant and existing information
available to pesticide registrars “at your fingertips” The toolkit provides guidance about
key registration procedures and methods .. in an interactive manner, and so assists registrars in informed decision making. So what is the Toolkit, and what is it not? The Toolkit is a decision support system for pesticide registrars in countries with limited resources. One can best see it as a web-based registration handbook, intended for day-to-day use by those involved in the registration of pesticides. It is very important to realize that
the Toolkit is NOT an automated system .. for the evaluation of pesticides. One cannot enter some pesticide properties in the toolkit .. and then push a button to get a registration advice. Instead, the Toolkit supports and facilitates
informed decision-making by registrars. So let’s have a look at the FAO Pesticide
Registration Toolkit and find out.. how it is structured and what it contains. The home page of the Toolkit can be found
on the FAO web site. On the home page, you can find background information on the Toolkit, for instance who has been involved in its development. You can also find information on recent and future training activities on the use of the Toolkit. FAO conducts both regional and national workshops to familiarize pesticide registration staff with the Toolkit. The latest news on the toolkit can be found
in this section. For instance, we inform you here whenever
new modules .. or other contents have been added to the Toolkit. At the bottom of the home page, under highlights, we present specific topics in the Toolkit that we think may interest you. In the right-hand menus, you find links to FAO- and external web sites of importance for pesticide registration staff. However, note that in the Toolkit itself, many more links to relevant web sites and databases are available, on specific technical topics. The actual Toolkit can be accessed through
the “Launch Toolkit” button. This opens the Toolkit start page. The left-hand menu is accessible on all the
pages in the Toolkit. Here you can find the “Registration tools”
and the “Information sources”, the two main menus of the Toolkit. The Quick Start Guide provides a short introduction to all the modules in the toolkit, explaining what they contain and a direct link to these modules. For instance, clicking on “registration process” .. takes you to the module providing guidance on the various steps in the process of registering a pesticide. Note that on every page in the Toolkit, two
buttons are available at the top-right-end. The “Print” button allows you to print
this page, either on a printer or – depending on the settings of your system – as a pdf
document. The “back” button takes you back one page
in the Toolkit. So we are back now on the Quick Start page. Here at the top of the left-hand menu, you
find the “Toolkit start” button. From anywhere in the Toolkit, it returns you
to the Toolkit start page. So now we are back on the start page of the Toolkit. Note that there is a “search” box at the top-right-end. This allows you to search for words or phrases
all through the web site. It is a handy tool if you quickly want to
find very specific information. Let’s type “honeybee” in the search box. This returns a number of results. You can fine-tune the search in various ways. Deselecting the “include content” tick-box
means that the term honeybee .. will not be searched for in the contents of articles in the Toolkit; it will only search for the term in the titles and subtitles. Make sure to click the search button again
if you have changed any of these settings, to view the new selection. “Type” refers to the type of article you
are looking for. “Search criteria” indicates how your search
terms should be present in the resulting texts .. in case you search for multiple words. and “Ordering” defines the order in which the results of the search are presented. Let’s go back to the left-hand menu. There are two main menus here:
Registration tools and Information sources. The Registration tools are technical advice
on processes and methods in pesticide registration. These are general procedures, applicable to
all pesticides, and are thus not pesticide-specific. The registration tools are: Registration strategies, which provide guidance on different registration systems that can be applied by a country .. to evaluate and authorize a pesticide, such as registration by analogy,
registration based on complete evaluation, or registration by equivalence. Registration process, the next tool, describes best practices for the various steps in the pesticide registration process, from the submission of the application to the final registration decision. Data requirements and testing guidelines is
a tool which helps you find .. the data that are recommended to be required in the registration dossier. Data requirements are recommended for a specific
pesticide and use pattern. International guidelines for studies to generate
such data are also provided. Assessment methods, here, provide you with procedures, methods and models .. that are available to evaluate specific parts of the pesticide registration dossier, such as efficacy, or occupational risk, or risks to bees, among many others. The Risk mitigation tool allows you to check options for risk mitigation measures .. to reduce the risks of a pesticide to be registered. Decision making, provides guidance on the
aspects that a registrar may need to consider .. when taking a decision to register a pesticide
or refuse its registration. And finally a library is provided, where you can find important guidance documents that are used in the Toolkit; as well as a page where terms and definitions that are often used in the Toolkit are explained. Much of the contents under registration tools .. is based on international guidelines published by FAO, WHO, the OECD and others. The second main menu, the information sources, helps you to find many types of information on individual pesticides. Much of this information is not maintained
by FAO, but the Toolkit provides links to, and short explanations of, the relevant web sites. The Address books allow you to find contact
details of other pesticide registration authorities, or of focal points for international conventions. On the Registrations elsewhere pages, you can verify whether a pesticide
has been registered in other countries; The page on Restrictions and bans allows you to verify whether the use of a pesticide .. has been severely restricted or banned by an international convention, or by other countries. By checking Scientific reviews,
you can access review reports of a pesticide .. that are available from international and national bodies. You can check the Hazard classifications of
individual pesticides by going to this page. If a registration authority publishes pesticide
labels, we have listed such databases
on the Approved labels page. Maximum residue limits, set either by international
or national bodies, can be found by going to this page in the Toolkit. And if you need to check a chemical or toxicological
property of a pesticide, such as an LD50, or a half-life or a no-observed-effect-concentration, the Pesticide properties pages in the Toolkit will link you to reputable databases containing such information. And finally, the pesticide specifications page .. provides access to international pesticide quality specifications. So the information sources menu allows you to find a lot of pesticide-specific information, relevant for pesticide registration, in a rapid way. On the top-right corner of the Toolkit screen
you see the home page icon. If you click on this icon, you are taken back
to the home page of the Toolkit web site. This was a quick tour of the FAO Pesticide
Registration Toolkit. We hope that it has given you an overview
of the many powerful tools that can be found here, to assist you in evaluating and registering
pesticides. If you need further information on how to
use these tools, you can find more instruction videos on the start page of many of the tools and in the quick start guide. The FAO Pesticide Registration Toolkit was
developed to assist you, as pesticide registration staff,
in doing your work more effectively. We hope that the Toolkit will become the start page on your computer .. whenever you evaluate applications for registration of a pesticide in your country. Do not hesitate to contact us if you need
further information, have questions about the Toolkit and its use or would like to suggest new contents.