tank 16″ x 10″ x 12″ (8 gallons) dirt took it from my garden I use only the top soil dried under direct sunlight sifted with a strainer put it in the tank neatly add water stir it to remove bubbles clean the dirt on the glass I use mixed white and black sand as the top layer substrate with the ratio 3:1 this layer is important to seal the dirt I prefer to use inert sand with small grain this top layer should be at least 1.2″ (3 cm) to avoid leak I use this kind of stone as the hard scape this stone is also from my garden obviously we need to wash it first setting these stones as creative as possible I’m satisfied with the result fill the tank with water wait until the water becomes clear it’s clear already suck the water out leave as few water as possible planting start from the fore ground I use helanthium tenellum as the fore ground plant continue with the mid ground I use cryptocoryne wendtii to fill the gap between stones this small bolbitis are only for aestethic, they don’t help with filtering lastly, I plant the back ground fill the tank with water I use mix of RO dan tap water I want to keep some soft water fish also, the plants in this tank prefer slightly soft water that’s why I use RO mixed with tap water the water is crystal clear, probably that’s because of the RO water add floating plants to absorb the ammonia and nitrates we can’t put any fish in this tank yet I’ll wait until the plants were settled first may be it will take 4 weeks or more don’t forget to subscribe to follow the update thank you