Hello Guys and Welcome to Mark’s Shrimp Tanks. Today I’m gonna share with you my top 4 tips for successfully keeping and breeding shrimp, okay? Because I have struggled for years with shrimp, and I know a lot of you guys have too, and I’ve finally found, the 4 most important tips (in my opinion) for successfully rearing them, because I know it can be hard. You wanna see more? Stay tuned, subscribe, etc. Let’s get on with the show. Okay guys, so in at #4… um all my tips could probably be arran-.. rearranged so that they are in different orders, but this is just roughly to give you an idea of the 4 more most important tips I can give you in 2018 going forward with your shrimp keeping. Okay, so in at #4 we have Tank Cycling. This is one of the most important things you will ever do in your tank because it will, um, show you the sucs- success rates that you will have in breeding shrimp. I know that didn’t make much sense, but what I’m saying is the more time that you put in to setting up your tank properly in the beginning, the more luck you will have with shrimp eventually in the end. Okay? I hope that makes sense. The reason you want to do this as well guys is because… Think of a shrimp tank as a living organism, don’t think of it just as a glass container. Think of it as a living organism (right?) that needs, uh, care, it needs certain things added to and taken away from it for it to be healthy, okay? So for this guys I recommend, uh, that from now on that you do 2 months cycle times. And this is to build up a healthy balanced nitrogen cycle in your tank because that is one of the most important things in your tank is the nitrogen cycle. So that is what we’re gonna concentrate on when you, uh, when you set up your tank and you do your cycling, you have to make sure you have the proper bacterias/etc. in your tank before you start, and you have to make sure that your tank is also stable. In the beginning when people rush their tanks they will often negate things like water changes and stuff just to try and get the shrimp in the tank quicker, they will try and add miracle bacterias and all this kind of stuff… I just find that these kind of things don’t really work. What you wanna do is, you wanna give your tank time for it to mature and stabilize itself, okay? So that is my #4 tip, and that is cycling your tank. Okay, water changes is my #3 tip. This is one that is super important as well. Over the last 2 years I have been doing different experiments on, with the shrimp tanks in themselves, and I have noticed in particular that longer that you go without doing water changes, it can be detrimental to the shrimps health, they often become stunted. You’ll often have other issues in the tank as well like poor plant growth etc. because if your plants are not getting the proper nutrients, uh, then your shrimp tank in general will suffer. Again I come back to this thing where I say you have to think of your whole tank as a living organism. Because you’re adding food in here all the time and the shrimp are producing waste nitrates/ammonia/etc. This all has to be removed, okay? So I recommend at least 25% water change once a week. You will see an increase in the growth of your shrimp as well. So that is my tip for #3. Alright guys, here is my tip for, uh, #2. This is get yourself a bacterial builder that will help colonize your tank with certain types of bacteria. It’s also very important to know that you cannot mix these supplements together because some of them will have different types of bacteria and if you mix them together the bacteria will fight with each other and have a conflict, and that leads to bacterial death, okay? In a tank like this this might mean something like, um, an increase in organic pollutants or a reduction in oxygen. This is where people will typically see if they over dose these bacterial products they will see the odd dead shrimp in the tank as well. So this is what you wanna do, I’m not gonna pick one specifically, but I’m gonna show you the ones that I have. Remember guys, when you use these, try and use them a couple of days apart, not the next day because as I said they will conflict with each other. Typically I will pick 1 of any of these and then I will use, uh, one of them in a water change when I do my water change and then that is it, right? So I’m just gonna quickly go over this, pick a bacteria builder… (sorry ’bout the light there) …for your tank, there’s a lot of them here, okay? Stick with it, don’t mix them, add them once or twice a week at the most, and you will be good to go. So there’s my tip for #2, bacterial builders. My #1 tip is use a macro fertilizer like this. This is an orchid fertilizer which is typically a very very weak fertilizer it has a lot of macro nutrients in this, and you wanna use this guys because it promotes biofilm, it promotes algae, and it promotes microfauna. Okay, you wouldn’t believe how important these 3 things are to the success of keeping shrimp in your tanks, right? And uh, by doing this I guarantee that you will have more success in keeping shrimp, okay? Typically my dosing with this is… this is undiluted, this is straight from this bottle. A lot of you people in, in Scandinavia will know about this type of stuff. Um, I dose 5 drops per water change in this tank, 5 in that one, 1, 1, 1, 1, 5, and then you can, you can see my dosing underneath. And what this does guys is, as I said it provides lots and lots of area for your, for your, um, baby shrimp to grow. And look at this, this is Java Moss and it’s full of string algae. Now if I didn’t dose this type of fertilizer there would be no string algae, but what this is doing is it’s adding more macro nutrients to the water column. You will see an increase in bacteria/biofilm/etc. on the side. Look at all this lovely biofilm. Look at the rocks, look how green they are. This is, this is what’s providing fuel for your shrimp. And one of the first benefits you’ll see once you start doing this guys is you will see, uh, more berried shrimp in your tank. ‘Kay let’s just move this to see if we can see any. One there. Very hard to see from this angle, there’s a big one there, see It’s full of eggs. Let’s have a little look over here because I know there’s some shrimp here. See this one here? Full of eggs. And today in this tank in particular I noticed there was 2 more berried female Taiwan Bees. So, this stuff works. Get out there and get yourself a macro nutrient. Isn’t this a wonderful sight? Look at this. This one’s berried here. That big one there is berried too. This little white one, just behind that one there, is also berried. So when you start using stuff like this you will see, uh, quite the baby boom. Let’s have a look at the sides, you can actually see.. If I can hold the camera still enough, look at the bottom. Can you see the bottom moving with microfauna? You can kinda see it over here, there’s little things flying around and stuff. Look at the biofilm. Isn’t it cool? And this is what your macro nutrients do, they provide more nutrients for your algae, your biofilm, and your microfauna. And I’ve no doubt that it provides something for your shrimp as well. The plants seem to love it as well, look at this, look how cool this is growing now. And of course you will get algae as well.. but algae is one of those ones where um, if you’re serious about breeding shrimp you’re gonna get algae. No matter what you do you’re gonna get algae because, um, a shrimp tank is for shrimp basically. It’s not really a planted tank. I mean I know a lot of you guys will have planted tanks that look gorgeous. Right, but if you have algae like this in your tank, I guarantee you will have more babies in your tank than you will have if you just have normal plants, because what this is doing, right, is it’s also purifying the water, it’s cleaning the water, but it’s also giving a place for your baby shrimp to graze in and it’s also a safe place for females etc. to molt in, because I’ve noticed a lot of my females actually crawl into this. Now this tank used to be absolutely choked, wall to wall covered in this green algae, but for today’s video I thought I’d remove it just so you could see some more of the shrimp. But what the shrimp tend to do is they go in amongst the algae and the molt, right? And then it’s very hard for other shrimp to get to them and harass them. Okay, so your females are not so stressed, you have a better time with the gestation and they have more babies. Okay? So that is my #1 tip for 2018, use some kind of macro fertilizer it will help promote the growth of your algae, your biofilm, and your microfauna, okay? If you’ve liked today’s video please hit the Subscribe, leave me a like, and I’ll catch you in the next one. Happy Shrimp Keeping Guys!