(Music) Again, Nathan Mueller i’m the new Extension Agronomist also Director for Crop Variety Testing so that includes corn, soybeans, spring wheat, oats, i’ve since added sorghum. We have 53 hybrids in the trials this year in Central, South Dakota. Five field P locations, 23 varieties. So kind of expanding some other efforts. We do have Kathy Grady who does sunflowers as well. I mean some of the other oil seeds, so we kind of have two groups. I will acknowledge, in terms of the trials, we do have quite a bit of participation to help in terms of facilitating that process with the spring wheat breeding crew with a Karl Glover and his technician in his group as well as the winter wheat, Steve Kalsbeck and the winter wheat crew actually does quite a bit of the planting and harvesting east river. Mostly because it overlaps sometimes winter wheat planning with soybean harvest. What I have here are two handouts. I’m going to go through the oat one first. I have seen quite a few oats around the state a last week of June first week of July. I got 2,100 miles in across the state and there’s a lot of oats in. I think a lot of people worried about forge having enough for that, so there’s quite a bit of oats, specially down in South Central. But one thing I wanted to highlight, what we have here on the front at the very top is the new Facebook page, had just started that in February and if you’re not on Facebook you don’t have to be it’s a web page. So you don’t have to like it even, you can just go and look at it. There’s lots of pictures, it’s it’s a way for me to put pictures. So for example I was at Martin giving a winter wheat variety tour. So what I did I took a picture of all 36 winter wheat varieties and then put the description similar to what I have for spring wheat here and oats for each one of those. So you can take a virtual tour on the Facebook page if you go that I’ve uploaded that this week. So stuff like that progress, what things look like a different locations, updates when we got stuff planted, when we’re going to be harvesting stuff. So it’s a way kind of the increase to build the visibility of the program and follow what’s going on. So look for stuff, for example, all the spring wheats that are in the trials here I actually put that list up in April, so I actually got quite a few people that looked at that just curious what we planted. Usually we don’t know until you see the the results or come to a field day, so look there. The other option is going directly to iGrow and finding results and information. I gave the the link here for oats. Another way to do it if you go to the Facebook page, there’s this nice little square button that says yield data if you click on that it’ll bring it to the yield results within iGrow for all the crops you can go from there. So another thing we do is we come up with a recommended list of oats and spring wheat and winter wheat varieties for different portions of the state based on our yield trials. We have nine locations for spring wheat six, east river nine, west river. For example winter wheat we have 15 locations across the state. This year we have less winter wheat locations we lost some trials just like farmers lost some fields in winter wheat especially the central part of the state. So we can use that information along with with end-use, what the millers think, what other people in the industry input from foundation and crop improvement, come up with a recommended list. What I have here in gray on the front of the oat handout are the five recommended oat varieties for this part of the state. Horsepower, Rockford, Shelby, Saurus, Stallion. To let you know how popular the oat breeding program is here. You’ll find these varieties planted in a lot of other states, east, south from here. So a lot of this stuff moves growing up in Nebraska, we plant a lot of SDSU released oats and down south. A new one I wanted to highlight as you might be familiar with some of these is a new one called Goliath. that Lon Hall, just released here in 2013. On the back of that handout, page four there’s a nice long description. Let’s see if I can find it High Five, Goliath. I know Al how many acres of Goliath do you have? About 100. About 100. The nice thing about Goliath is it’s tall so if you’re looking for straw, looking for hay and tonnage and if you look at both tonnage, and relative feed value, it’s number one, out of this things that’s been tested. It’s number two actually in tonnage, number two in relative feed value. So the combination of those two makes it a really good forage, really good hay. It has really good yield. The problem is, I wouldn’t say problem, Ii’s a late. It’s about 11 days later than then then Colt or about two days later than a Stallion so it’s about 11 days later. So it’s late maturing, it’s it’s tall but it’s got good disease resistant package to Crown Rust, Stem Rust, Barley Yellow Dwarf and Smut. One thing that Lon always mentions not to put it under high fertility situations that’s because it it with a tall oat like this you just run the risk of it of it lodging and falling over. So that’s something to consider. Other than that I guess this handout is for you to take home, and if you look at it or not. If it makes it to your kitchen table great if not you won’t hurt my feelings. All right, let’s switch modes. Alright spring wheat handout, you got lots of paper here. It does it unfortunately it does burn well, too. So same thing with with the recommended list for spring wheat. Number one on that list Advance there’s little star by it along with Albany, Digger and Barlow.Those are spring wheat varieties that are susceptible to Fusarium, Head-blight or Scab, so if you have three fields for example you have on your farm Brick, Forefront, and Advance planted this year. Advance would be the one that you would probably should be at the top of your list to consider if conditions were right for getting a Fusarium, Headblight to spray. On that list also when Karl and I are talking about this acceptable and promising I might change that terminology because is it acceptable as they’re promising or two very different things and so we’ll go over some of these varieties real quick. As quick as I can. The page two is a whole bunch of yield data, it’s a 2012 yield results for east river across those six locations. The very first column for example Advance yielded 54 bushels across the six locations last year. Then there’s this nice little percentage or frequency. That’s the frequency for example if there’s six locations, and it was in the top yield group and that means that we looked at the data, we can use statistics. We’re ninety percent confident that these group of varieties let’s say six out of the that 30 are in that top yield group similar in terms of yield, how frequently did that variety end up in that top yield group and so if it three out of six, 50 percent of the time it was in that top yield group. So anything that and then then you look at that frequency you might see a 100 percent for three-year average that means it was in the top yield group for the state year one, two, and three. So anything that has a high frequency of being in the top yield group means it’s stable in terms of yield and productivity and that’s a good place to start off with with with the list to look at for selecting. This last year at 2012 the plot average was 46 and you can see the ones in gray there on the far right those gray but grayed out cells are with spring wheat varieties that were in that top yield group. So even though it says let’s say Barlow says 55 bushels and right next to it Breaker said 49, that was because we have a certain degree of confidence in the data experimental air, noise, spatial variability in the field in terms of yield. Those are in the top performing yield group as a whole and we do the same thing with multiple crops. So advanced the first one here, it’s it’s it’s a little bit shorter variety about usually about 30 inches tall. It’s four days later than Brick, has really good yield potential. Again 2009 and trials that were over 80 bushel it was in that top leading group in terms of yield. So high yield potential reason unfortunately has some susceptibility to Fusarium Headblights, so that’s something to consider when you select this and manage it. Another one that’s in that same category in terms of yield potential from Limagrain is Albany has done really well in terms of yield. The main problem with Albany been low protein and so when we talk about Limagrain we’ll have another one that they’re kind of trying to complement that with, with a higher protein spring wheat. Barlow um seems to be fairly popular up in this corner of the state. It is on our acceptable or promising list. It is resistant to Fusarium Head Blight and has a pretty good disease package or susceptible sorry to Fusarium Head Blight, but as you know resistant to Stripe and Stem Rust, good protein. Next one LCS Breakaway again, not as good as yielding as Albany but higher protein. Breaker is on our recommended list, it’s similar in maturity as Advance, got a very good disease pack is resistant to Tan Spot, Bacterial Leaf Streaks similar to Advance and moderate resistance if you Fusarium Head Blight, oh, and it’s got good straw strength, so it’s recommended for Central and Eastern, South Dakota. It’s good spring wheat. Brick has been around for a little bit longer. It was released in 2008. One thing about this high test weight and out of all the varieties we test, it’s usually at the upper end of the test weight and very resistant out of all the spring wheats one of the most resistant to Scab. Briggs, Briggs is yielded really well but the problem has been its Inconsistency in terms of of its milling quality and baking and so that’s something from from the end you side that they haven’t really liked, not being able to know on what kind of quality they’re going to get. So not on the recommended list. Chris that’s, that’s an old check that’s been around for a long time almost almost on this but if you want to know if something lodges, if it lodges. If you have lodging problems that would be one that would if you can find it, I think we keep that keep that back. Elgin newer release from North Dakota similar-maturity to Faller and also resistant to Head Blight. Faller been a really good a really good spring wheat especially up in this corner in the state. High yield potential, about five days later than Brick, similar to maturity than as Faller as well. Resistant to Fusarium Head Blight, but susceptible to Leaf Rust. Next one right here a taller spring wheat newer released 2011 from Karl’s breeding program two days later than Brick has really good, good stand ability for for its height, has good protein and test weight, good end use, very good disease package resistant to Fusarium Head Blight, so this is a really strong spring wheat that looks really good. Another one Linkert, Forefront, Forefront star that if you have a highlighter which you don’t highlight it. If I can have favorite spring wheats that’s that’s one of them, (You can have favorites) so I can have favorites. Thanks Karl. Linkert, a 2013 release brand-new from from Minnesota, seed would be available at first with 2014. They mentioned that it has pretty good high protein, good straw strength, most of the stuff from Minnesota has good straw strength. Another new one, new in the trials I don’t have much information it’s LNR 0551 at the top of page 5 it’s my cheat sheet, I give it to you. I don’t have a lot of information on that, but guess what we will this very soon here when we have harvest rolling around. Westbred Mayville, like Karl had mentioned very susceptible to Fusarium Head Blight along with Samson, so very susceptible, so so that’s something to mention about that. Next one Mott, if you’re familiar with Wheat Stem Sawfly, they’d bred this because it has a solid stem, so it’s hard to chew through, and so it’s not going to lodge and fall over. But you don’t have Wheat Stem Sawfly don’t plant it, it yields very poorly. Okay Okay Norden right here release 2012 from Minnesota, another one similar-maturity to Faller, good test weight, straw strength, moderately resistant to Fusarium Head Blight, but again new so we’ll see how it does. LCS Powerplay right behind me here from Limagrain again, newer 2011 medium maturing, good protein, and test weight. Not on our recommended list, but we’ll see how it continues to do. Prosper, another North Dakota released five days later than Brick, has really high yield potential similar to Advance, Traverse, and and so that that’s something to look at. Another one here right next to me to my right RB07 has done really well, I was talking to Karl, did really well with the heat last year so well nut in 9 10 and 11 did pretty well in the state, so that is on our acceptable promising list. Very good end use, about average protein. Rollag Rollag is it does have good resistance to Fusarium Head Blight and Stagonospora one of those leaf diseases if you’re familiar with those, Tan Spot, Septoria, Stagonospora are some of those leaf diseases, so it’s got good resistance to Stagonospora. SY Rowan, new entry and going to be released here in 2013 targeted for the Northern great plains from Agropro. Sabin, another one has Oxen in its cross. That’s got fair to good straw strength. So that’s a potential problem with Sabin. Samson as I mentioned very susceptible to Fusarium Head Blight like Westbred Mayville. Another one of my favorites you happen to be another one from SDSU release that’s done really well specifically not only east river, but west river, done really well across the state, if you look at that the frequency of being in that top yield group on that sheet, it’s usually but it’s 100 percent of the time. So last year in 2012 at all six locations east river it was in the top yield group. So that’s something in terms of Select, it has similar-maturity to Brick and it yields better than Brick. I mean it also has fairly moderate resistance to Fusarium Head Blight so it’s really good early maturing spring wheat that yields really well. SY Soren another Agripro, release and that’s very tolerant to Fusarium Headlight and again newer so we’ll see how it does, obviously a shorter spring wheat variety. Traverse, tall has yields really well, high high yield potential similar to Advance, but the opposite of Brick when we talk about test weight, it’s at the other end. It’s the one of the lowest test weight spring wheats that we have out here. So there’s some improvements that you can go with Select, Forefront that would be good replacements for for Traverse. Oh Vantage, along with Mott which was that solid stem variety which I said don’t plant because it’s low yield. Vantage has been around for a while. It’s not doesn’t have PVP, stands very well, so it’s not going to lodge, but it’s not going to yield well either. Velva another release for North Dakota. Good straw strength and but susceptible to Fusarium Head Blight. Westbred 9879 Clearfield, so this was co released actually with with Montana and Westbred and they use Cateaux in it which is a solid stem variety similar to Mott it has the two gene resistance for Clearfield, so if you’re dealing with cheatgrass, or are some weedy problems that is an option. We’ll see how it yields coming from that from that area I’m not sure how well it’s going to perform in this corner of the state. Um one of the last ones here, I’ll mention I’ve been working with Meridian Seed for some other stuff but they sent me a spring wheat variety they’re going to call it Stingray, will be released this year so it’s the first time it’s been in the trials. Last up back here we have to Minnesota experimental M-3 from North Dakota. We aren’t going to mention those they haven’t no other a lot of yield data on it but I’m going to turn it over to Karl to talk about some of the new experimental lines coming out of the breeding program that looked really promising and will be considering for potential release this fall, on two in particular and there’s one on my wish list that I’d like to keep the 4362 so maybe he’ll mention that for me. (Music)