Alright Mr D.
– Talk about sprayin’. – We’re gonna talk about
sprayin’ trees, right? – Peach trees, that’s right. Before I get into the actual
spraying demonstration, I wanna talk a little
bit about safety. Probably the best thing
you can do where safety is concerned first is
to read the label. And near the top of the
label after it tells you what we’ve got and the active
ingredients and all of that, it’s gonna tell
you what to wear. Never will you see on
the pesticide label tellin’ you to wear shorts,
t- shirts, and flip flops. – [Chris] This is true. – They’re always gonna tell you to wear a hat,
wear safety glasses, to wear rubber gloves, long
sleeve shirt, long pants and shoes or boots
and so that’s. – You ready to go. – I’m ready to go. And I’m doin’ this not
just because of the label but because I’ve sprayed
enough to know that sometimes the wind changes and
sometimes and it drifts on you and I mean, I’ve gotta go
360 degrees around this tree to get it sprayed, if
there’s any wind at all, at some point I’m
gonna be down wind. So I want some
protective gear on. If you get some on you,
wash it off immediately. Just go wash it
off, soap and water. If you need to take a
shower, take a shower. And wash your clothes. – Is that pretty soon after? – Pretty soon, especially
if it’s on your skin. If it’s gets on your skin,
yes, very soon afterwards. You need to go on
and get it off of ya. Most of the pesticides
we’re talkin’ about, all of ’em are not
restricted use pesticides so they’re not that dangerous
for homeowners to use if you follow that
label instructions. Okay, I’ve already got
my sprayer mixed up here. This tree is about
what, eight feet tall, a little over eight feet
tall, the tallest limb. And it’s about eight feet
in diameter so that tells me that I’m probably
gonna need to mix up about a half gallon to a gallon
of material to spray. That’s important to know
because you don’t want to mix up more than
you really need. You wanna run out
when you’re spraying. You don’t wanna have
any leftover because you don’t want to store it, it
can clog up your sprayer. It may become inactivated
and not work for ya. So there’s a lot of things
you wanna finish up spraying. – Do enough to spray it out. – That’s right, do
enough to spray it out. Because this peach tree
still has some blooms on it, I am not going to apply an
insecticide in this first spray. I’m going to only
apply fungicide. I’ve got a spreader
sticker mixed in there too to make it stick to the limbs. I’m gonna spray almost
to the point of run off. I’m gonna direct my spray
to the lower and both sides of the leaves if I can. I’m gonna also go down and
spray the base of the tree. And what I’m trying to do is
I’m trying to get brown rot. Brown rot is the number
one fungal disease on peaches, plums and
nectarines and it can destroy you if you don’t
control brown rot. So we’ve got wind at about four miles an hour which is good. – So that’s
considered to be okay? – The best is no wind
or very little wind. That’s almost
impossible to happen. If it’s sprayin’, if
the wind’s blowin’ more than 10 miles an hour,
10 or 15 miles an hour, you probably ought
not to be sprayin’. You probably need to put it off. If you do spray when you
know you’re gonna get spray on you, you need a face mask
too, you need a face mask. – You gotta be careful. – You don’t wanna breathe any of this stuff and you don’t
wanna get it on your skin. – You gotta be careful, folks. – Let’s get to it. – Alright, let’s do it. – Gonna need a
little pressure here. (pumping of handle) Alright, that oughta do. – I can hear it. – A flat fan nozzle is
a good nozzle to use when you’re spraying
fruit trees. Let’s see what we’ve got here. This tree is really easy
to spray because it’s been pruned well, the
center has been opened up. If it had not been
sprayed, if it had not been pruned well, it would be
almost impossible to get my spray mixture
on these leaves. – That’s a good open center. – It’s opened up and
it’s very easy to get good coverage on this
tree, let me go on and move on around here. – That’s a great illustration. – You don’t have to
spray until it runs off. Spray it almost to
the point of run off. Turn my wand over,
spray on the underside. Wanna make sure I spray
the trunk and lower limbs because those fungal spores
can attach themselves anywhere. Now I only am usin’ fungicide. I saw a honey bee
there, this fungicide will not hurt the honey bees. You can buy home orchard
sprays that already pre-mixed, it’s very
important that you do not use a pre-mixed home orchard
spray while the plant is blooming because it already
has the insecticide in it. The fungicide that
I’m using is Captan. I could also use Sulfur,
I could use Chlorothalonil, either one of those
fungicides work well. As soon as all the
petals have fallen off, I’m going to add an
insecticide into the mix. Now with peaches, plums
and nectarines I have a choice between
malithion and carbaryl. With apples and pears, my
only choice is malithion. Because carbaryl if used
within 21 days after the bloom will cause apples and
pears to abort their crop. So you don’t wanna do that. Most home orchard
sprays have malithion, most of the pre-mixed one
have malithion in ’em. Most of ’em have
malithion and Captan. Pretty important to
use a spreader sticker. You can use a commercial
spreader sticker or just use detergent, a
tablespoon or a teaspoon of detergent will
do just as well. – [Chris] Good old liquid Joy or
some Dawn will do just fine. And while you’re doin’
that Mr D., you can mention that the orchard spray guide
can definitely help you out. – That’s right, the information
I’ve been giving you, all of it came from the
home orchard spray guide for the state of Tennessee,
Chris has ’em in his office. You can go to UT’s
website and get them. Or you could simply Google
or use a search engine and list home orchard
spray guide for whatever state you’re in, if you’re
in Mississippi or Kentucky, I would encourage you to go to that state’s land
grant institution. Now what I’m doing here needs to be done every
seven to 10 days. – [Chris] Wow, so
what if it rains in between one of those, Mr D.? – If it rains, then that
application has been erased and you need to, as soon
as possible re-do it. – As soon as possible. – As soon as possible. Re-do it because if you
wait two or three days, those two or three days
that tree is unprotected. – Because like you
always say, right, if you have plums,
peaches and nectarines, you’re gonna have to do
some spraying, right? – You are, I promise you. There’s nothing that I
know of organic that will prevent plum curculio
and brown rot. If you know of somethin’
that will, let me know. And be aware, I’ve already
tried pretty much everything. If you have somethin’ on your
mind that you think will work, I’ve probably already heard it. I’ve been doin’ this
for about 35 years. – [Chris] Oh, I
think you would know a little somethin’ about that. – I think we’ve got that
one sprayed for now. It’s cloudin’ up, it may
rain in a little while. We may need to do this again in a couple hours but maybe not. – Alright, well we appreciate
that demonstration, Mr D. – Most welcome. – Alright.