Today I want to talk about growing
onions and what are the two important keys to growing those nice big onions so
onion plant will grow just about anywhere you could take an onion plant
and throw it on bare dirt not even cover it up and it would eventually take root
and start to grow but how do we get those big soft ball sized onions that we
all want so the first important key is time of planting you want to plant those
onions as soon as you can so you can get as much growth as possible out of the
window for that particular onion variety onions have kind of two growing stages
you’ve got the vegetative stage or what I call the investment stage and then
you’ve got the bulbing stage or what I call the payoff stage so in that initial
phase or that vegetative phase you want to make sure you get as much leaf growth
on that onion as you can each one of the leaves on that onion plant is going to
represent a ring on that onion bulb so the more leaves you get the bigger the
bulb you’re gonna have so planting those onions early is important to maximize
that vegetative stage and get as many leaves as you can so that a payoff in
the end so for us in the south the ideal onion planting time is late November and
that’s when I planted these here behind me so as soon as we can get plants from
Dixondale that’s when we want to plant our onions so here we grow two
varieties onions we grow the Texas legend and the red Creole now in the
past I’ve grown kind of equal amounts of both but this year I’m growing a lot
more of the Texas Legends and just one row of the red Creole now I like the red
onions but they’re a little more prone to bolt and they don’t seem to store as
well so for the purposes of storage and having onions for a long time for
growing more of the Texas Legends this year now to the second key for growing
those big juicy onions which is feeding onions are heavy feeders which means
they like plenty of water and plenty of fertilizer so that’s why I plant my
onions on drip tape so I can give them plenty of water and plenty of fertilizer
so before I planted these onions I came in here with my drip tape layer and laid
my drip tape on two foot row spacing I like that two foot spacing because once
those onions get larger I can just make one pass
those double rows with my single wheel hoe and it makes it really easy to
cultivate it and keep it clean after I have my drip tape laid then I planted in
my double rows of onions I like using double rows because I can get two rows
of onions per one row of drip tape really helps me maximize the space in my
garden along the road I like to plant my onions pretty close i spaced these about
four inches apart and they’ll need some thinning if we want to get really big
onions and what we’ll do is once those onion bulbs get about size of a quarter
or size of a half dollar we’ll come in here and harvest every other onion along
that row and use those as green onions we’ll leave the rest of them to form
those real big bulbs that we want so back to the feeding we can feed these
onions in two different ways the first way is through injecting fertilizer in
that drip irrigation system so early on in the life of the onion we’ll inject
our 20-20-20 through that drip irrigation system now onions when
they’re young needs some phosphorus and potassium because that’s going to
encourage root development as they get older they just kind of need nitrogen so
that 20-20-20 helps early on by injecting that in they’re getting some
good root development and also giving a little bit of nitrogen to kick started
now as those onions grow we’ll switch to a fertilizer that’s just primary
nitrogen something like our Chilean nitrate and we can inject that to the
drip system as well or we can also side dress with it if we want a little slow
release action for side dressing I’ll just take that Chilean nitrate and
sprinkle it alongside that onion row there and then I’ll come behind him with
my wheel hoe in the cultivator teeth and kind of incorporate that into the soil
and that gives us some nice slow release fertilizer for when we get a little rain
now as I mentioned earlier it’s really important to maximize this vegetative or
investment stage of the onion plant so giving it plenty of water through that
drip irrigation also giving it plenty of fertilizers through the injection or
through the side dressing is going to make sure we get as much vegetative
growth as we can during that initial investment stage now when it comes time
for that bulbing stage or that payoff stage as I like to call it
we’re gonna have plenty of rings there on that onion and plenty of water to
make sure we get that nice big juicy onion that we want so plant your onions
early feed your onions well and you’ll have a nice big crop when it’s time to
harvest hope you enjoyed this video we’ll see you next time