What parts of plants do we eat Let’s start from the ground level of the question The root is the part of a plant that typically lies below that level and grows downwards it’s functions are absorption of water and nutrients from the soil storage of nutrients and vegetative reproduction The types of roots we eat are taproots – single fat elongated roots, like carrots beets radishes and turnips Or tubers often multiple in large parts of the plants root system like potatoes or yams The vegetative reproduction means that a tuber like potato for example can grow a whole new potato plant out of itself without being pollinated A plant can clone itself this way A stem is typically above ground part of a plant which holds it upright helping provide access to air and sunlight to its leaves and flowers Vegetables that are plant stems are asparagus or bamboo shoots and kohlrabi An underground part of stem grows horizontally and is called a rhizome. Ginger is a rhizome Leaf stalks are called petioles by botanists They serve to connect leaves with the stem of the plant. Celery and rhubarb are petiols or leaf stalks Then their bulbs which are short stems together with fleshy leaves and leaf bases and function as food storage during plant’s dormancy growing into whole new plants with a change of season. The bulbs that we eat are onion and garlic Leaves are parts of plants that catch sunlight and produce nutrition through the process of photosynthesis The leaves weed our spinach, kale, lettuce and cabbage Flowers reproductive organs of plants, and guess what – we eat those as well Cauliflower and broccoli a tight clusters of unopened flowers or buds Artichoke is a bud, squash flowers are considered a delicacy in Italy Nasturtium flowers are interesting addition to salads and candied violet flowers are used in confectionary After a flower done with its job the plant forms a fruit which is a seed bearing structure formed around the singular or multiple seeds serving to protect and disperse the seeds and to provide nutrients for them as it’s decomposed Apples, pears and citrus are fruits, buts so are cucumbers and squash, as well as melons and watermelons Peppers, eggplants, green beans and green peas peanuts are fruit as well as nuts like hazelnuts or walnuts Tomatoes are fruits. Berries, like strawberry are fruits We eat a lot of fruits as fruits or as vegetables, raw and/or cooked A seed is a flowering plant’s unit of reproduction, capable of developing into another such plant Drop the seed onto the ground and under favourable conditions it will grow into the same kind of plant that produced it. All grains we eat are seeds. Wheat, oats rice, buckwheat, chia seeds, amaranth, beans and peas are seeds too Almonds are seeds, shelled peanuts are seeds I know, I went nuts researching which nuts are fruits and which are seeds. And of course sunflower or pumpkin seeds are seeds Plants are amazing complicated factories that convert dirt, water, air and sunlight into food they store it for themselves, to use at times when it’s less available or more needed And they have to produce even more because a lot of it gets consumed by other species who totally depend on the such as birds insects and animals The competition is fierce in nature and to make sure we humans get ahead of it we had to learn ways to increase plant production, but that’s another story